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Bangladesh Demographic Crisis

by HimelHimu
Bangladesh

Bangladesh – Two days after the September 25 tragedy, the death toll from an overturned boat in Panchagar, northern Bangladesh, was confirmed to be 61. I have high hopes that survivors will be found. However, with 10 of the more than 80 passengers still missing, the situation looked grim. Sadly, even though many of us were shocked by this horrific accident, Bangladesh is not unusual. Bangladesh is a low-lying nation surrounded by extensive inland waterways and the Bay of Bengal. However, the underlying issue is not the country’s inherited geography; rather, it is linked to the rapid expansion of Bangladesh’s population and resources, which the country is unable to accommodate!

The incident was evaluated by a commission of inquiry, which concluded that the boat carrying Hindu pilgrims was three times full. In Bangladesh, such incidents are common due to the absence of regulatory oversight and lax safety standards. Concentrates on showing that many individuals die every year in ship mishaps. The Basis: Travelers who go beyond the ship’s capacity. A cargo ship and a crowded ferry collided in a river west of the Bangladeshi metropolis of Dhaka in 2015, killing more than 78 people. Sadly, such accidents do not just involve sinking ships.

Traffic accidents also rise because of a lack of regulatory discipline. During the country’s Eid celebrations in 2016, the Bangladesh Passenger Welfare Association reports that more than 157 people perished in road accidents. During the festival, when a lot of people travel from urban centers to rural towns to celebrate traditional ceremonies, bus accidents are especially common.

To make a quick buck, bus drivers ignore safety regulations and do not pay attention to simple traffic controls. According to the Center for Injury Prevention and Research, which has its headquarters in Dhaka, approximately 13,000 people per year die in road accidents in Bangladesh. Many critics of the nation have traditionally laid the blame for poor passenger judgment and a lack of stringent administrative regulations. However, these factors are comparable to the insufficient resources that are exemplified by overcrowded buses and ships. We frequently overestimate the causes of overpopulation.

With an estimated 170 million people, Bangladesh is the eighth most populous nation in the world. However, it is the 94th largest land mass in the world, covering approximately 147,570 km2. Due to this disparity in demographics, Bangladesh is one of the world’s most populous nations. Take into consideration the usual traffic jams in Karachi or the hordes of commuters clinging to local trains in New Delhi. Bangladesh, on the other hand, has the eighth highest population density in the world, with 1,265 people per km2.In addition, the National Institute for Population Research and Training (NIPORT), Bangladesh’s autonomous research institute dedicated to family planning research, reports that approximately 253 people join the Bangladeshi population each hour despite the recent decline in birth rates. As a result, Bangladesh has reached the pinnacle of social and economic impact thanks to its expanding population and lagging media.

For the past two decades, Bangladesh’s economy has been in the spotlight, expanding at an average annual rate of about 6%. Bangladesh’s rapid economic expansion has captivated the world. India’s GDP per capita is less than $2,000, making it the fifth-largest economy in the world.

However, Bangladesh’s social status is constantly being undermined by industrial expansion, which conceals inadequate resources and opportunities. The extensive roads and power networks in Bangladesh have done little to raise the standard of living there, despite several large-scale infrastructure projects.

According to the Asian Development Bank (ADB), even though Bangladesh has one of the highest literacy rates among South Asian nations, more than a fifth of ordinary citizens still live below the poverty line. Dhaka is one of the world’s most densely populated cities, with over 44,500 people living in one square kilometer, according to UN-Habitat, the UN Human Settlements Program for Sustainable Urban Development. When the country’s people are in dire straits, how does the economy of Bangladesh flourish? These glaring disparities can’t be fixed solely by overpopulation. Additionally, resources have been depleted because of widespread political corruption.

Bangladesh recently applied for a $4.5 billion loan package from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), despite its rapid economic expansion. After Sri Lanka and Pakistan, it is the third South Asian nation to approach a multilateral lender in recent months. However, in contrast to the sensational headlines that were in circulation in Sri Lanka and Pakistan, the news did not receive much attention. or because Sheikh Hasina Wazed, the prime minister of Bangladesh, referred to the impending crisis as “budget support” rather than as a desperate need for relief.

The Bangladesh Bank, the country’s central bank, continued to clean up large-scale fraud and bad debts, attracting foreign investors attracted by the industry’s touted success. Last year, Bangladesh’s deposits in Swiss banks increased by more than 55%. human investors’ image In the end, despite the country’s rapid expansion, the general population of Bangladesh is being negatively impacted.

Since 2017, the mass exodus of Rohingya refugees from Myanmar has further weakened Bangladesh’s social fabric. With the beginning of a history of electoral fraud and the influx of hundreds of thousands of foreign refugees, one cannot help but imagine Bangladesh following Pakistan’s lead. However, Bangladesh can avoid the lost decades that Pakistan has endured thanks to its diverse industrial base and relatively literate adult population.

Additionally, the Bangladeshi government needs to know strategic redeployment and the mobilization of human resources have the potential to quickly transform ever-increasing responsibilities into sustainable assets. However, this will not be possible unless leaders unite to support social revitalization in Bangladesh and steer clear of the avarice-driven schemes that have brought Pakistan and Sri Lanka to where they are today.

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